Long working hours and improper posture are the two main reasons why people often suffer from severe backaches. While it’s not a problem which is associated with a disease, it can cause a lot of discomforts and slower your pace of life. Back pain can affect people of any age and gender. It also becomes a reason why working adults are often missing from work, home-makers have inconvenience bending or lifting things and teenagers missing from football fields. In case you aren’t sure about what that the reason behind your back pain is, continue reading to know about the kinds of back pain and what causes them!
Types of Back Pain and What Causes Them:
Your back is broadly classified into two parts, namely – Upper and lower back. The reason behind your pain can be determined based on where you’re having them. Upper back ( called the thoracic spine), is made up of 12 vertebrae, discs that separate them, muscles and ligament. While upper and middle back pain is not so common, they are mostly caused due to overusing muscles, strains, poor posture, severe injury, standing or sitting for long hours etc. In very rare cases, upper back pain can also be caused by gallbladder disease or cancer. Lower back pain is usually a result of damage caused to intervertebral discs, improper movement of the spinal cord, kidney stones etc. Torn or strained muscles are the most common reason for having lower back pain.
Some Structural Problems Can Also Lead to Severe Back Pain Are:
Vertebrae are cushioned by discs. Nerves get pressured if these discs rupture or bulge, therefore causing severe pain.
This is caused by bulging or herniated disk. The pain travels from the buttocks right down the leg.
seen usually in old people. The vertebrae of the spine start to function disruptively due to weak and brittle bone structure.
Another problem caused to old people due to old age. The joints swell and become tender causing discomfort in movement and functioning.
This happens when the vertebra slips too far, it may press on nerves and cause severe back pain or nerve crowding that produces leg pain or numbness. Gymnastics and football are two popular reasons behind it. While it can be healed by rest and medication, one needs surgery if the damage is too intense.
Cauda Equina Syndrome
A condition that is caused due to the damaging of nerves towards the end of the spinal cord. This can also lead to other problems such as Disc Herniation and Spinal Stenosis.
Rare but possible, sometimes the tumour starts to press against your spinal nerve which causes sharp pain.
Back pain symptoms can be both- mild as well as severe. The few commonly detectable symptoms of are-
- Shooting pain down your spine
- Pain radiating down your legs
- Discomfort in doing basic activities such as lifting things or basic exercise
- Incapability to stand upright.
Sometimes the symptoms are hidden and can be an indication leading to other severe problems. Immediately consult a doctor if any of the given symptoms match:
- Loss of weight
- Numbness around genitals
- Loss of bladder control
- Swelling of back
- Difficulty in urinating
- No signs of betterment despite taking regular pain medication and rest.
- Numbness of legs
How to Treat Back Pain
Once you are done identifying the cause, it gets easier to solve the issue. Mild back pains can be cured by home treatments as well.
here are somethings you can use for not-so-severe back pain:
There are many pain relief balms in India that work best in solving our pain issues. Massage the balm efficiently on the hurting area and rest. Also, cover yourself with a blanket for faster effect as the warmth helps the balm penetrate deep into the skin. Balms are multipurpose and have different uses as well. They help heal aches, strains, headaches, congestion, cold, neck and shoulder tension.
OTC medications stand for over the counter medicines. They are easily purchasable on counters and don’t require a prescription. These medicines are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and do not have side-effects. Ibuprofen is an example of a pain relief drug.
Hot bag and ice pack: Both of them help soak up the pain from the muscles and provide them ease.
In case the pain is severe and you fail to cure it at home, then see a doctor without delay. These are what the doctors might suggest to you:
Often physiotherapists suggest an ultrasound, electrical stimulations and exercises to help relieve the pain. They also recommend the patients continue the exercises even after the pain is cured, for the proper functioning of the bones.
If all other options fail to be effective, the patient then is injected with these around the spinal cord to provide relief.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
This therapy involves relaxations and calming techniques which inturn also helps the patient have a positive outlook. This also makes them happier and more active in their day to day lives. While these are some of the ways you can heal your awful back pain issues, the best is to avoid getting them. You can avoid going through the pain by taking a few measures in your daily life such as not lifting heavy weights beyond your capacity, maintaining a good posture while standing or sitting, wearing comfortable footwear and exercising daily.